MGNREGA impact on income and employment of Scheduled Castes / Scheduled Tribes: A study in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh
Dr. M Sateeshnadha Reddy, Dr. P Surya Kumar
The MGNREGA aims at enhancing the livelihood security of the rural households and can provide the basis of permanent social security system and even act as an instrument for planned and equitable rural development. The provisions of the MGNREGA will be implemented at the state level through the State Employment Guarantee Council which will be the nodal agency to monitor and review the implementation of the Act at the state level. This study examines the role and significance of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and its impact of the income and employment generation on the beneficiaries in study area during the period of 2014-15. The Government of India made a commitment that would immediately enact an employment Guarantee Act. The draft proposed by the National Advisory Council (NAC) envisaged legal guarantee to every household in rural areas for 100 days for doing casual manual work. The Chittoor district is one of the drought prone districts in Andhra Pradesh. The weaker sections such as Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) are not provided with minimum working days under this programme as stipulated in the guidelines of the programme. In many cases, the works are not provided to the workers in time. Middleman/supervisors play a dominant role and the nature of exploitation is one of the major constraints in the implementation of the programme involved, setting aside the very purpose of the programme. Worst sufferers are the SC/ST people because of their weak social-economic bottlenecks. Hence, there is an urgent need to evaluate, this programme.