Performance of MGNREGA in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh
Dr. Siva Sankar A, Dr. Venkata Reddy K
Kurnool District, which is located in the Rayalaseema region, is the biggest and driest of all the drought prone districts of Andhra Pradesh. Agriculture is the main source of economy of the district. The work force engaged in agriculture is more than three fourths of the total work force and the demand for labour in agriculture sector is highly uncertain and seasonal. This is leading to migration of labour in a large scale to the nearest cities. In view of this, the Government of India has decided to implement the ambitious MGNREGA in this district in the Second phase. This paper examines the economic status among the different social groups in the district by conducting the field study. The results suggest that, after implementation of MGNREGA, the rural debt has been reduced significantly with education, and small-holdings than their counterpart rural households in the district. There is a large gap between the number of registered households and actual number of households working. On the other hand about 56 per cent of the sample respondents are not aware of the minimum wages paid under NREGA. Further, there is some kind of irregularities also noticed from the respondents in the implementation of the scheme like false muster rolls, delay in wage payment etc. The paper concludes that the policy recommendations for effective targeting of the program and particularly the social safety net benefits to the poor households in the study area of Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh, India.