Incidence of toxoplasmosis and malaria among aborting women attending Elsheik Mohamed Ali Fadol maternity hospital in Omdurman state, Sudan
Durra Tibeigat, Elham Ahmed, Intisar Elrayah
Pregnant women are at risk of development of complications due to infections with opportunistic parasites, since they have immuno-suppression during pregnancy. Infections with Toxoplasmosis and Malaria during pregnancy are known to cause serious problems. This study investigated infections with both diseases in aborting women attending Elsheik Mohamed Ali Fadol Maternity Hospital in Omdurman state. Risk factors associated with the infections were assessed by a questionnaire guide. 200 participants were included in this work, and sera were first screened by LATEX for detection of T.gondii. Further confirmation was accomplished for LATEX +ve sera by using ELISA test for detection of (IgG, IgM).The Latex +ve samples were105 (52.5%). Thick blood films were screened to detect presence of malaria parasites, and 23(11.5%), blood films were malaria +ve. A questionnaire was then filled for each participant. High seroprevalence of T.gondii antibodies were found in this study. Early diagnosis of T.gondii in pregnant women is needed for prevention of infection and its associated complications. Although, the environment was unsuitable for vector breeding at the time of this study, but infection with malaria parasites (Plasmodium spp.) was also detected in aborted women.