Effect of a planned educational programme regarding post mastectomy exercises on living activities among breast cancer patients
Gehan H Soliman, Nahid Fouad El Gahsh, Omima Said MH Shehata
Breast cancer is an important global public health problem due to its high incidence and mortality. Women’s experience of breast cancer is complex, affecting all aspects of life during and after treatment, moreover, may experience a feeling of disability because they are unable to manage daily activities and are unable to care for themselves as well as their families. Breast cancer patients express strong, unmet needs for education, information, and intervention to improve their daily living activities and decrease pain disability. Therefore the exercises is commonly recommended to women after breast cancer surgery.
The aim of the study: Was carried out to investigate the effect of a planned educational programme regarding post mastectomy exercises on living activities among breast cancer patients.
Materials and Method: The study was carried out on 90 adult female patients after modified radical mastectomy at the surgical department at Menoufia University and Shebin El Kom Teaching Hospitals. A quasi experimental research design was used.
Tools: Four tools were utilized for data collection: Tool 1: Structured interviewing questionnaire: developed by the researchers to assess patient's sosciodemographic, clinical data and knowledge. Tool 2: Activities of Daily Living scales. Tool 3: The Pain Disability Index. Tool 4: Observational checklist.
Results: There were a highly statistically differences among pre, post and follow up interventions regarding to pain index disability score, and total Katz index (independence in activities of daily living) as well as instrumental activities of daily living.
Conclusion: Implementing nursing educational programme regarding post mastectomy exercises had high significant effect on knowledge, pain disability, activity of daily living among patients with mastectomy.