Vol. 5, Issue 1 (2019)
Effect of Microscale experimentation approach on chemistry students’ attitude towards electrolysis
Author(s): Umegboro Kate O, Dike John W
Abstract: This study aimed at determining the effect of Microscale Experimentation Approach on Chemistry students’ attitude when taught the concept of electrolysis. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. A pre-test, post-test non-randomized quasi-experimental design was used. One thousand seven hundred and fifty-six (1,756) Senior Secondary II Chemistry students (2017/2018) academic session made up the population while one hundred and twelve (112) students were the sample of the study. The sample size was drawn using the Purposive sampling technique. The research instrument developed for the collection of data was Students Attitude towards Electrolysis Concept (SAEC). The questionnaire has a total of forty (40) items in Likert type, with four sub-sections. The internal consistency of the instrument was established using Cronbach alpha and the reliability coefficient of 0.76 was obtained. Data were collected and analyzed using mean, standard deviation and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The findings of the study revealed that inquiry-based microscale experimentation approach has a positive and significant effect on students’ attitude towards electrolysis concept. It also showed that gender is not a major factor that influences students’ attitude towards electrolysis as both male and female Chemistry students had their attitude influences positively. It was recommended that Chemistry teachers should utilize this approach in teaching the concept of electrolysis in order to develop in students, positive attitude that invariably enhances their performance.