National Journal of Advanced Research

National Journal of Advanced Research


National Journal of Advanced Research
National Journal of Advanced Research
Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2016)

Potential of blue growth in India


Sudhan C, Madhusudhana B, Kaviarasu D, Bharathi S

Ocean covers 72% surface of our blue planet and constitutes more than 95% of the biosphere. Life originated in the oceans and they continue to support all life today by generating oxygen, absorbing carbon dioxide, recycling nutrients and regulating global climate and temperature. Oceans provide a substantial portion of the global population with food and livelihoods and are the means of transport for 80% of global trade. The Blue Growth framework promotes responsible and sustainable fisheries and aquaculture by way of an integrated approach involving all stakeholders. Through capacity development, it will strengthen the policy environment, institutional arrangements and the collaborative processes that empower fishing and fish-farming communities, civil society organizations and public entities. Marine and inland capture fisheries; aquaculture; livelihoods and food systems and economic growth from ecosystem services are the various component aims at economic growth, food security and poverty reduction through strengthened fisheries management, reduced fishing capacity and proportion of overfished stocks, as well as improved aquatic ecosystems and habitats. Sustainable use of biodiversity climate change and managing carbon budget; Marine & coastal tourism; pollution and marine debris & governance and international cooperation are issues governing with the blue growth with substantial increase in growth noticed by BOBP-IGO - Bay of Bengal Programme Inter-Governmental Organisation & IOTC - Indian Ocean Tuna Commission regional fishery bodies. Based on the review, the suggestions and recommendations are given for the better management and implementation of principles of blue growth in India.
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