The economic impact of SHG membership on ST women: An empirical study in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh
Dr. A Siva Sankar, D Gnana nanda Reddy
The status of women in a society is a significant reflection of the level of social justice in that society. Women’s status is often described in terms of their level of income, employment, education, health and fertility as well as their roles within the family, the community and society. In tribal communities, the role of women is substantial and crucial. They constitute about half the total population but in tribal society women are more important than in other social groups, because they work harder and the family economy and management depends on them. Even after industrialization and the resultant commercialization swamped the tribal economy, women continued to play a significant role. Collection of minor forest produce is done mostly by women and children. Many also work as laborers in industries, households and construction, contributing to their family income. However, tribal women face problems and challenges in getting a sustainable livelihood and a decent life due to environmental degradation and the interference of outsiders. Therefore, various types of employment and develop¬ment programmes are being introduced by the central and state governments to improve the employment and entrepreneurship opportunities of tribal women. The SHG programme is the most important one among various programmes. The present paper makes an evaluation of the impact of SHG programmes on tribal women.