National Journal of Advanced Research

National Journal of Advanced Research


National Journal of Advanced Research
National Journal of Advanced Research
Vol. 3, Issue 3 (2017)

Effect of different sowing dates on growth and yield of berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.)


Parvez Ahmed Mahar, Aijaz Ahmed Soomro, Masroor Hassan Solangi, Maqsood Ahmed Chandio, Muhammad Azeem Malik, Zafar Ali Shar

The results revealed growth as well as fodder and seed yield traits of berseem were significantly influenced by planting dates (P<0.05). On the basis of overall growth and yield performance, the berseem sown on 30th October ranked 1st producing 82.13 cm plant height, 99.66 leaves plant-1, 26.17 branches-1, 18.83 g fodder weight plant-1, 34167 kg green fodder yield ha-1, 4720.0 kg dry fodder yield ha-1 and 916.67 kg seed yield ha-1. The berseem sown on 15th October ranked 2nd with 74.16 cm plant height, 93.33 leaves plant-1, 22.50 branches-1, 17.00 g fodder weight plant-1, 32333 kg green fodder yield ha-1, 4220 kg dry fodder yield ha-1 and 861.67 kg seed yield ha-1. Similarly, sowing of berseem on 30th September ranked 3rd with 65.33 cm plant height, 89.83 leaves plant-1, 17.83 branches-1, 12.50 g fodder weight plant-1, 24333 kg green fodder yield ha-1, 3156 kg dry fodder yield ha-1 and 660 kg seed yield ha-1. Delayed sown berseem on 15th November ranked 4th with 59.33 cm plant height, 72.33 leaves plant-1, 18.00 branches-1, 8.83 g fodder weight plant-1, 22000 kg green fodder yield ha-1, 2820 kg dry fodder yield ha-1 and 595 kg seed yield ha-1. However, least performance was recorded when the crop was cultivated on 30th November with 54.50 cm plant height, 69.50 leaves plant-1, 13.33 branches-1, 7.00 g fodder weight plant-1, 16000 kg green fodder yield ha-1, 2820 kg dry fodder yield ha-1 and 395 kg seed yield ha-1. Hence, 15th to 30th October could the best time of sowing for Egyptian variety of berseem under agro-ecological conditions of Tandojam
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