Development deprived, the environment and the livelihood of the poor in the northeast
Dr. S Krishnan
The economic benefits of dams have been assumed to outweigh the costs, thus providing rationale for construction of dams around the world. However, the development of these structures can be accompanied by negative biophysical, socio-economic, and geopolitical impacts; often through the loss of ecosystem services provided by fully functioning aquatic systems. Moreover, impacts of dams can be involuntarily imposed on marginalized peoples whose livelihoods are dependent on riverine resources. The relationship between environmental (natural) resources, livelihood and conflicts has long been established in literature. Environmental resources are critical to the survival of people and nations, both for subsistence and for economic mainstay. In some circumstances, access to or control of the resources of an environment has been a contentious issue often generating tensions and violent conflicts within, between and among nations. In this review, we examine the impacts of dam projects in the Northeast region respectively. Case studies for the Northeast region illustrate the environmental and livelihood impacts of dams in the region, while also providing a basis to better understand how environmental degradation is directly related to economic growth.