National Journal of Advanced Research

National Journal of Advanced Research


National Journal of Advanced Research
National Journal of Advanced Research
Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2018)

Effect of varietal cum sowing methods trait on growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum l.)


Regha Pirzada, Maqsood Ahmed Chandio, Nafisa Khaskheli, Fida Hussain Magsi, Adeel Aslam Perzada, Mehfishan Siyal

The present study was conducted at the Agronomy Section, Agriculture Research Institute, Tandojam during Rabi, 2016-17. The results are statistically significant effect on growth traits. The results for varieties observed the maximum (94.24 cm) plant height, tillers m-2 (408.83), spike length (10.22 cm), grain weight plant-1 (24.63 g), seed index (1000-grain weight, g) (52.27 g), biological yield (11903 kg ha-1) and grain yield (5519.0 kg ha-1) were observed in TD-1. Benazir ranked second with plant height (91.38 cm), tillers plant-1 (401.22), spike length (9.63 cm), grain weight plant-1 (23.03 g), seed index (51.41 g), biological yield (11749 kg ha-1) and grain yield (5230 kg ha-1). Whereas Moomal had minimum plant height (86.61 cm), tillers plant-1 (386.0), spike length (9.16 cm), grain weight plant-1 (22.59 g), seed index (48.71), biological yield (11074 kg ha-1) and grain yield (9771 kg ha-1). Drilling planting method recorded maximum plant height (93.14 cm), tillers m-2 (406.0), spike length (10.69 cm), grain weight plant-1 (24.86 g), seed index (53.30 g), biological yield (12227 kg ha-1) and grain yield (5602 kg ha-1). Whereas the broadcasting sowing method had ranked second with plant height of 89.76 cm, tillers m-2 (400.17), spike length (9.45 cm), grain weight plant-1 (24.21 g), seed index (50.63 g), biological yield 11608 kg ha-1 and grain yield 5245 kg ha-1. The results further indicated that the lowest plant height (89.33 cm), tillers m-2 (389.89), spike length (8.86 cm), grain weight plant-1 (21.19 g), seed index (48.46 g), biological yield (10891 kg ha-1) and grain yield (4873 kg ha-1) was observed where crop was planted under Gurbi sowing methods. It is concluded that all the yield traits, varieties, sowing methods and their interaction (varieties x sowing methods) were significant. The results further revealed that the TD-1 and Benazir were best varieties for obtaining higher yield. The results for sowing methods could be concluded that drilling was most suitable method for getting higher wheat yield.
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