Effect of cognitive behavioral interventions (Yoga) on premenstrual syndrome among adolescents
Karpagavalli G, Raj Rani
Background: Adolescence is the period where the childhood changes into grownup stage where the children will experience the new world around them irrespective of sex. That too for Girls being in Adolescent period hormonally, their body undergoes more physiological changes and psychological changes. This is the period where they try to recreate themselves and have a constant goal towards the life by concentrating on studies. But, during this period if they phase premenstrual syndrome, functionally, mentally will be suffering. Their concentration towards academics, social activity, productivity will be affected due to illness like pain, stress and all. Hence as a researcher, I have decided to study about PMS, its significance and how to overcome the PMS through Cognitive Behavioral Interventions (Yoga among school students. Objective: To assess the effect of Cognitive Behavioral Interventions on Premenstrual Syndrome. MaterialsandMethods: This used to be a potential study conducted among adolescent school students in St. Lourdes Girls High school at Chennai from August 2019 to October 2019. Participants were asked to prospectively entry Self-reported Demographic History, personal history, Menstrual history, PMS Signs to be recorded on each day each day calendar/ Diary proposed by ACG criteria and Short Form – 36 Item Health Survey in order to assess their somatic and cognitive problems. Results: Of the 300 contributors who met the inclusion criteria, 289 crammed out the self-report questionnaire completely, amounting to a response rate of 72.4%. Applying the ACOG guidelines, PMS was once recognized in 289 participants (95%; 71.8% CI, 35.4%; 24.5%). 11 absentees were in Control Group. I50 students in Experimental group were completed the intervention study and therefore the before –and – after form. Two hundred sixty-eight individuals (85.8%) pronounced having at least one of the 10 signs of PMS. The pronounced premenstrual somatic and affective signs and symptoms.The results incontestible that emission pain mitigation when yoga exercise was related with improvement in the SF-36, as well as physical perform (r = 0.529), bodily pain (r = 0.365), general health perception (r = 0.280), vitality/energy (r = 0.351), social event (r = 0.318), and psychological state (r = 0.3555).The yoga exercise intervention was related to the development of the dimensions of physical function (p = zero.0340) and bodily pain (p = zero.0087) of SF-36. Conclusion: In conclusion, within the present study, School students (adolescents) participated in short term yoga exercise intervention reported fewer physical premenstrual symptoms related to a lower risk of menstrual pain. Cognitive behavioral interventions (Yoga) which can decrease premenstrual Symptoms physically, enhances the mental status psychologically distress therby improve the health of adolescents. Yoga would possibly result in major pain acceptance, the temperament to expertise pain and acknowledge the negative thoughts and emotionsthere by managing depression and distress.