Effectiveness of planned teaching program of dietary management on diabetes mellitus
Diabetes also predisposes to arterial disease, not least because it is often accompanied by hypertension, lipid disorders and obesity. Diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by chronic elevation of glucose in the blood. It arises because the body is unable to produce enough insulin for its own needs, either because of impaired insulin secretion, impaired insulin action, or both. Diabetes affects some 300 million people world-wide, and is on the increase. Chronic exposure to high blood glucose is a leading cause of renal failure, visual loss and a range of other types of tissue damage. The mean difference between pre-test and post-test knowledge score was -5.93.The obtained t value is17.57 at. 001 level of significance which is less than the table value at 0.05 level of significance Therefore t value is found to be significant. Association of pre-test with the age of demographic variables calculated chi square (χ2) value is 1.698 which is less (<) than the table value (11.57) at 6 degree of freedom and 0.05 level of significance. It proves that the null hypothesis is rejected and the research hypothesis is accepted. Hence there is a significant association between the knowledge and age. Planned teaching programme was effective to improve the knowledge of diabetic patient.