The concept of urban sprawl its causes and impacts
The history of urbanization is still unwritten, with only a small part of the initial work done. The history of urbanization dates back to the ancient period of the origin of cities (known as the first phase of urbanization in the world). Over this long period, what was observed was the growth of small port/rail-based cities from the ancestral form (village) and the present-day cities with skyscrapers. By the end of the 20th century, urban development was rapidly pushing cities further and further out and cities were expanding spatially, while in the 21st century the automobile revolution changed the dominant form of city life. This sprawling form of low-density city on the periphery is sometimes called sprawl. Since sprawl is a name for a number of conditions, there is no clear consensus about what exactly 'urban sprawl' is or how it occurs. Although many scholars have tried to come up with an explanation of the term, the central component of most definitions and most people's understanding of sprawl is this: sprawl spreading out from a city and its suburbs to more and more rural land in the periphery urban area. It involves the conversion of open space (rural land) into built up, developed land over time.